Design of Experiment Definitions
Interaction: when the effect of one factor on the outcome depends on the level of another factor.
Resolution tells us the confounding we will see between factors.
Full Factorial Design
In a full factorial experiment at least one trial for all possible combinations of factors and levels. This exhaustive approach makes it impossible for any interactions to be missed as all factor interactions are accounted for.
- Full factorial designs include all possible combinations of every level of every factor
- Full factorial designs can require a lot of trials, which can take a lot of time
- Full factorial designs can require a lot of trials, which can cost a lot of money
- Requires at least one observation for every combination of factors and levels.
- Allows for the measurement of all possible interactions.
- Expensive and time consuming.
How Many trials in a Full Factorial Design?
Found by taking the number of levels as the base and the number of factors as the exponent:
Ex1. a design of 4 factors with 3 levels each would be: 3 x 3 x 3 x 3 = 3^4 = 81
Ex 2. 4 factors (A=3, B = 2, C=5, D= 4 levels). 3 x 2 x 5 x 4 = 120 observations.
Analyzing Full Factorial Designs
- Basic analysis
- Yates Method
Partial or Fractional Factorial Design
One of the big drawbacks of fractional factorial design is the potential to miss important interactions.
Fractional factorials (like Latin and Graeco-Latin Squares) will not allow analysis of interactions. The interactions are confounded with other effects. (Also add to fractional factorial analysis article.)
Design of Experiment Example
degrees of freedom (n-1 degrees of freedom., where n is the # of levels.)
Try writing an example case study on a recipe : this many courses with this many toppings.
Moving from Full Factorial to Partial Factorial
- There will be fewer trials
- There will be confounding
- Resolution will decrease
Types of Fractional Factorial Design
- Taguchi: Uses orthogonal (balanced) arrays, but are types of fractional factorial designs.
- Latin Squares: is a type of fractional factorial design
Analyzing Fractional Factorial Designs
- Analyze fractional factorial designs using
- Average effect of factors
- Optimum score and performance
- Sum of squares scree plot
Also see Design of Experiments
Full Factorial Designs
Linear & Quadratic Mathematical Models
Balanced & Orthogonal Designs
- http://www.micquality.com/six_sigma_glossary/balanced_design.htm (Balanced design)
- http://www.minitab.com/support/documentation/answers/What%20is%20Orthogonality.pdf (Orthogonality)
Fit, Diagnose Model and Center Points
Fractional Factorial Experiments